||Primary backing - A woven or non-woven fabric in which the yarn is inserted by the tufting needles.
||Secondary backing - Fabric laminated to the back of the carpet to reinforce and increase dimensional stability.
In woven carpet, the backing is the "construction yarns" which are interwoven with the face yarn.
- Loop-pile carpet tufted with thick yarn, such as wool, nylon or olefin. Often having random specks of color in contrast to a base hue, this floor covering has a full, comfortable feel, while maintaining an informal, casual look. Currently, this term has expanded to describe many level or multi-level loop carpet styles.
- A band or strip sewn over a carpet edge to protect, strengthen or decorate the edge.
- A term used to denote carpet produced in widths wider than 6 feet. Broadloom is usually 12 feet wide, but may also be 13'6" and 15 feet wide.
Bulked continuous filament (BCF)
- Continuous strands of synthetic fiber formed into yarn bundles of a given number of filaments and texturized to increase bulk and cover. Texturizing changes the straight filaments into kinked or curled configurations.
: Flat shapes made of unglazed or glazed fired clay. Used for floors by setting in mortar or cement in a variety of patterns. Ceramic tile is strong, durable and easy to clean.
- The manufacturing method (i.e. tufted, woven) and the final arrangement of fiber and backing materials as stated in its specification.
- a natural resilient floor covering. Made from the bark of cork oak trees, cork flooring is available in both tiles and sheets. It is available in many different colors, including natural and can also be found reinforced with resins or vinyl.
- Any kind of material placed under carpet to provide softness and adequate support when it is walked upon. Also referred to as "padding" or "underlay," although "cushion" is the preferred term. Cushion under most residential carpet should be a thickness no greater than 7/16".
- A carpet fabric in which the face is composed of cut ends of pile yarn.
Cut and Loop Pile
- A carpet fabric in which the face is composed of a combination of cut ends of pile yarns and loops.
- Refers to the amount of pile yarn in the carpet and the closeness of the tufts. In general, the denser the pile, the better the performance.
- The ability of the carpet to retain its original size and shape, e.g. a secondary backing adds dimensional stability to carpet.
- An installation method whereby the carpet is adhered to the floor.
- An installation method whereby the carpet cushion is first adhered to the floor with an adhesive, and the carpet is then glued to the cushion.
Engineered hardwood floors
- constructed from several thin sheets of wood (called plies) that are laminated together to form one plank.
- A single continuous strand of natural or synthetic fiber.
- Appearance on carpet surface of loose fiber fragments left during manufacture; not a defect, but a characteristic that disappears after carpet use and vacuuming. Sometimes called "fuzzing" or "shedding."
- Pronounced "free-zay," this tightly twisted yarn gives carpet a rough, nubby appearance.
- Hairy effect on fabric surface caused by fibers slipping out of the yarn with wear or wet cleaning.
- The distance between two needle points expressed in fractions of an inch. Applies to both knitting and tufting.
- Fired clay tiles that are then coated with a matte or glossy sealant. Glazed tiles absorb less moisture.
- The process that sets the twist by heat or steam, enabling yarns to hold their twist over time. Important in cut pile carpet. Most nylon, olefin and polyester cut pile carpets are heat-set.
: Carpet made of super-resilient fibers (example: olefin or polyester) in order to withstand outdoor use.
Laminate flooring -
Dense fiberboard core with a paper pattern layer sealed under high pressure with a plastic-like substance. Sold as planks and panels in which the paper layer depicts a natural flooring such as wood or stone.
- A carpet construction in which the yarn on the face of the carpet forms a loop with both ends anchored into the carpet back. The pile loops are of substantially the same height and uncut, making a smooth, level surface.